This list acknowledges receipt of recent works bearing on the scientific study of language. Aikhenvald, Alexandra Y. A grammar of Tariana.
The Handbook of Pragmatics
In the series Cambridge Grammatical Descriptions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Aitchison, Jean. A glossary of language and mind. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. The unaccusativity puzzle: Explorations of the syntax-lexicon interface. In the series Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics 5. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Allott, Robin. The great mosaic eye: Language and evolution. Sussex: The Book Guild Ltd. CD-rom included. The natural origin of language: The structural inter-relation of language, visual perception and action.
Hertfordshire: Able Publishing. Andrews, Edna. Conversations with Lotman: Cultural semiotics in language, literature, and cognition. In the series Toronto Studies in Semiotics and Communication. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. Asher, Nicholas, and Alex Lascarides.
The Handbook of Pragmatics : Laurence R Horn, : : Blackwell's
Logics of conversation. In the series Studies in Natural Language Processing. Language and culture.
In the series Copenhagen Studies in Language Denmark: Samfundslitteratur. Bauer, Laurie. Introducing linguistic morphology. Washington: Georgetown University Press. Bhatia, Tej K. Ritchie, eds. The handbook of bilingualism. In the series Blackwell Handbooks in Linguistics. Malden: Blackwell.
Steels: Metallurgy and Applications, Third Edition
Block, David. The social turn in second language acquisition. Boas, Hans C. A constructional approach to resultatives. Horn p.
In the Gricean model, the bridge from what is said the literal content of the uttered sentence, determined by its grammatical structure with the reference of indexicals resolved to what is communicated is built through implicature. As an aspect of speaker meaning, implicatures are distinct from the non-logical inferences the hearer draws; it is a category mistake to attribute implicatures either to hearers or to sentences But we can systematically at least for generalized implicatures; see below correlate the speaker's intention to implicate q in uttering p in context C , the expression p that carries the implicature in C, and the inference of q induced by the speaker's utterance of p in C.
This leads to the analysis of lakShmaNa indirect meaning as opposed to abhidhAna. See Matilal's Word and the World. For similar themes in the Chinese tradition, one may consider Mencius's comments re: reading the poet's intention; reference: Gu's Chinese theories of reading. Even KEN knows it's unethical. Ken is the least likely [of a contextually invoked set] to know it's unethical. Jones is no good at philosophy. The cat is in the hamper or under the bed.
The contrast between particularized and generalized implicature emerges clearly in this scene from When Harry Met Sally screenplay by Nora Ephron. Harry: No, I told you she IS attractive. Jess: But you also said she has a good personality. Harry: She HAS a good personality. Jess: [Stops walking, turns around, throws up hands, as if to say "Aha!
But just because I happen to mention that she has a good personality, she could be either. She could be attractive with a good personality or not attractive with a good personaity. Jess: So which one is she? Harry: Attractive. Jess: But not beautiful, right? Jacobs and Jucker characterize historical pragmatics as being essentially of two types, which correspond roughly to the distinction between "external" and "internal" language change. The first they call "pragmaphilology.
For example, what are the constraints on the ways in which may developed polysemies over time?
- Cor Blimey! Where ave You Come From?;
- The Bremer Detail: Protecting the Most Threatened Man in the World;
- The handbook of pragmatics.
For example, what constraints are there on development of lexical resources for expressing epistemic possibility? These were reconceptualized by Horn as "principles. In neo-Gricean pragmatics, as exemplified by, for example, Atlas and Levinson , Horn a and later works, some kind of division of labor has been maintained between what Grice initially identified as Quantity: "Make your contribution as informative as is required for the current purposes of the exchange " and Quantity "Do not make your contribution more informative than is required" Grice Among reasons given in Horn a and Levinson a for retaining the division of labor, despite objections from other research paradigms, especially Relevance Theory e.
Sperber and Wilson a , is semantic change.