A chemical trademark section where each tradenamed raw material included in the book is listed with a chemical description rand the supplier's name. The specifications which each raw material meets are included, if applicable.
Each formulation in the book lists the following information, as available, in the manufacturer's own words:. The percent by weight or volume of each raw material included in the formula, rounded to a decimal figure. Key properties of the formula, which are the features that the source considers to be more outstanding than other formulations of the same type. The formula source, which is the company or organization that supplied the formula. The secondary source may be the originating company andlor the primary source's publication title, or both. A formula number is included, if applicable.
My fullest appreciation is expressed to the companies and organizations who supplied the original starting formulations included in this book. I also thank the suppliers of the raw materials included in these formulations, who furnished information describing their trademarked raw materials. To the best of our knowledge the information in this publication is accurate; however, the Publisher does not assume any responsibility or liability for the accuracy or completeness of, or consequences arising from, such information.
This book is intended for informational purposes only. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use by the Publisher. Final determination of the suitability of any information or product for use contemplated by any user. We recommend that anyone intending to rely on any recommendation of materials QB procedures mentioned in this publication should satisfy himself as to such suitability, and that he can meet all applicable safety and health standards. Cleaners for Industrial Application Desinfecting Cleaner.
Zero phosphate. High Foaming Alkaline Cleaner. Cleaner, Strongly Alkaline. Weakly Alkaline. Strongly Alkaline Phosphate-Free Cleaner. Weakly Alkaline Phosphate-Free. Economy Presoak. Degreaser Concentrate Liquid. Chlorine Free. Automatic Dishwashing Gel with Chlorine Bleach. Colorless Manual Dish Wash. Economy Formulation. Pearlescent Dishwash. Premium Hand Dishwash. All Purpose Cleaner - No Rinse. All Purpose Cleaner Concentrate Phosphate. Consumer High Alkaline. Non-Phosphated Powder.
Home Healthcare Advanced cleaning product formulations Vol. Post on Jul 1. Category: Healthcare 54 download. Advanced cleaning product formulations Includes bibliographical references and index. Cleaning compounds. Adjust pH 6. Add opacifier optional , perfume and colorant, as desired. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear gold liquid, dye and opacify to preference. Add caustic soda to water and adjust pH to 7.
Add remaining components and adjust pH to 6. If necessary, lower viscosity with SXS, or raise viscosity with sodium chloride. Ethanol SD3A 2. Mix until uniform after each addition. Citric Acid and Caustic Soda are used for pH adjustment. Fragrance - Dye - Procedure: Add the ingredients in the order listed with mixing. Dissolve the dye in water before addition. Reduce speed of agitation and slowly add 3 and 4. Mixture will become very viscous. Slowly add 5 , 6 , and 7 , blending well after each addition. Temperature will increase to F.
Apply external cooling to reduce temperature to 90F or less. Add 8 and 9 , blending well after each addition. Colorant and fragrance can also be added as desired. Use of the wrong grade can cause separation, settling, and loss of viscosity. Sodium Chloride builds viscosity. Dissolve it in water before addition. If opacifier is used, it should be diluted with water before addition.
All pH adjustments must be completed before the opacifier is added. Adjust to neutral pH with citric acid. Incorporate color and fragrance as needed. Add 8 and. Add the Chlorinated Cyanurate to the mixture and continue mixing until homogenized and a dry, free-flowing, granular product is obtained. Chlorine-containing compounds which may also be used in this process include trisodium phosphate chlorinated , trichiorocyanuric acid, salts of dichlorocya- nuric acid, dichiorodimethylhydantoin Halane and other organic-active compounds.
Maximum chlorine stability is obtained when the Macol 40, diluted with water, is completely absorbed by the phosphate mixture. In step 2, hydrated Metasilicate does not promote agglomei— ation. It is essential that the Metasilicate be added after the phosphate mixture has hydrated and absorbed the surfactant, to avoid discoloration and degradation. Heat to C if not totally in solution. Maintain heat at 45C and add rest of ingredients individually.
Physical Properties: pH as is : Spray on the Antarox BL Add the remaining ingredients in the order listed. Add components except ammonia to water. Cool to room temperature and add ammonia. Butyl Cleaner Weiqht. Add components in order. Heat to 40 degrees C. Heat to 50 degrees C.
May be eliminated in phosphate restricted areas. Add KOH. Disperse Tall Oil Fatty Acid. Cool to 50 degrees C. Remarks: The final product will be a clear viscous liquid with a pH between 9. Add Mackadet 40K and Mackamide S to water. Cool to 40 degrees C. Adjust viscosity with Sodium Chloride. Blend components and heat to 50 degrees C. Remarks: This formula was designed for heavy duty cleaning on floor wax stripping. It can be modified for stripping cross linked polymers by adding 5 percent butyl cellosolve and 2 percent ammonia.
Add components to water and heat to 50 degrees C. Add components to water and blend. Adjust pH to 7. Blend until uniform between each addition. This is a use as is formulation for heavy duty cleaning. For lighter duty applications, dilution with water may be possible. This formulation will suspend oil to assist with removal.
The suspended oil will then float for easy removal. Source: Burlington Chemical Co. Procedure: Slurry 2 in 1 with intensive agitation, stir the mixture into 3. Add 4 with good agitation, continually until smoothly dispersed. Add 5 , 6 and 7 with continuing agitation. Add 8 to adjust pH to 7. Comments: Use of Kaopolite gives more aggressive cleaning and polishing action to the formulation. Dry Powder Cleaning Compound. Add 3 and 4. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear liquid, dye to preference pH as is : Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear liquid, dye to preference pH as is : 4.
It removes grease and dirt and is easy to wipe off because of the lubricity provided by the silicone fluid.
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This formulation also provides anti-fog properties. Dissolve Dow Corning Surfactant in the isopropanol and glycol ether. Add this solution to the water. Use Instructions: This product should be a clear liquid. Its grease-removing and cleaning power can be slightly improved by adding a small amount of organic surfactant such as Triton W The product can be sprayed onto surfaces with a mechanical spray applicator device or from a plastic squeeze bottle. It should be wiped off immediately with a dry, lint-free cloth. Cleaners should be clear and colorless. Add remaining components in order listed.
Cleaner should be clear and colorless. All-Purpose Glass Cleaner. Allow the water to cool to 30C and continue to add the other components in the given order. Place the d-limonene in a beaker and add the Carbopol or Pemulen resin to the solvent. Sifting the resin into the solvent is recommended but not required. Using moderate agitation provided by a Lightnin' Mixer or similar type and a marine-type impeller, add the water to the solvent phase and mix for approximately 10 minutes.
Mix the propylene glycol, glycerine, nonionic surfactant and preservative. The quantity of NaOH listed in the formulations is approximate and may require slight adjustment to achieve the desired pH. Add the ethanol to the water. Hold out a portion of the water for Step 3. Mix the solution for approximately 15 minutes or until the dispersion is homogeneous. Add it to the Carbopol resin dispersion and mix until homogeneous.
Add the abrasive and surfactant to the solution and mix until homogeneous. Add fragrance as desired. Component: Wt. Finally, add the contents of "Vessel A" to "Vessel B" and mix until uniform. Physical Properties: Appearance: Slightly hazy, yellow liquid pH, as is: Mix well. Add water and mix thoroughly. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, water-white liquid pH, as is: 3. S Procedure: Add ingredients in order listed to powder blender. Mix until uni form. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, It.
Combine Carbopol ETD with the deionized water. Mix until a homogeneous dispersion is obtained. Combine the remaining ingredients in the order listed taking care to mix thoroughly after each addition. Combine Carbopol with the deionized water. Neutralize the dispersion with NaOH. Mix with moderate rpm agitation. Add sodium metasilicate pentahydrate and mix until dissolved. Add sodium hypochlorite to the mixture. Reduce the mixing speed to prevent splashing as a sudden drop in viscosity will occur. Disperse hydroxyethylcel 1ulose in water.
Add acid and mix thoroughly. Physical Properties: pH as is : 2. Dissolve Igepal CO in water. Add sodium xylene sulfonate and sodium hydroxide, mixing well after each addition. Physical Properties: pH, as is: Perfume, Dye, Preservative Q.
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Dilute opacifier in Water in "B". Add "B" to "A" slowly with gentle stirring. After the opacifier is uniformly dispersed, continue stirring during dye and perfume addition. Spray Cleaner Parts bv Weight Water Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, light yellow liquid pH, as is: Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, light yellow liquid pH: Si 1 U.
Silicon Co. Moderate oH. Hard-Surface Cleaner Component: Wt. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, light yellow liquid pH, as is: 9.
Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations, Vol. 4
Excellent stability and suspendabi1ity are provided to the highly-alkaline formulations by a combination of Acusol and Acusol stabilizers. Both formulations can be pumped with a peristalic pump. Mix Part "B" in the order listed. Add "A" to "B". Add colorant, perfume and water. Adjust pH to Physical Properties: pH: Heat to 50C and mix until cl ear. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, yellow liquid pH, as is: 8.
Procedure: Add the sodium bicarbonate and the sodium hexametaphosphate to the blender. Mix five minutes. Add the Rhodacal DS with mixing. Add the optical brightener with mixing. Anhydrous 20 Caustic soda, flake 15 Optical brightener 0. Add Sodium Formate and Calcium Chloride. Cool to room tempera- ature. Add the enzymes. Mix well after each addition. Liqui d Inaredient: Pet. Water Turn on the stirrer, and mix the ingredients. Start the LAS addition. Add the Caloxylate N-9 to aid in fluidizing the neutralization reactants. Final pH should be 8. Formula No. Charge the water and SXS to the reactor.
Turn on the stirrer. Add the Cal foam EA to the reactor and continue mixing. Add the Calamide C to the first four 4 ingredients. Citric Acid is added to make minor adjustments in lowering the pH. Warming the ingredients to F will aid in blending. Heat this mixture to F and maintain for minutes, until it becomes very fluid.
With gentle agitation, slowly add the potassium hydroxide solution. When this mixture is homogeneous, continue stirring and dissolve the Carboxymethyl Cellulose. Next add the sodium metasilicate. Cool the mixture to F and with vigorous agitation, add the balance of the surfactant. Continuing the vigorous agitation, rapidly add the tetrapot- assium solution pre-heated to F. Optical brighteners, perfumes and dyes may be added immediately and the vigorous agitation continued for five 5 minutes. The final product may be cooled and withdrawn into suitable containers.
Fragrance q. Slowly add caustic solution with adequate mixing. Spray on the Igepal CO Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear liquid pH, as is: Spray on the Rhodapex NA and the Rhodasurf Add the remaining ingredients in the order listed and mix until uniform. Physical Properties: Appearance: White, free-flowing powder, dyed to preference. Mix until a homogeneous, free-flowing product results. Add, mix well pH: 8. Neutralize slightly with TEA. Mix until homogeneous. Add Carbopol while mixing. Add propylene glycol to the mixture. Add Makon 10 nonyl phenol ethoxylate, 10 EO to the mixture under agitation.
Fully neutralize the solution with the remaining TEA. Warm the mixture to 50C. Slowly add the Standapol ES-3 while mixing. Continue mixing until uniform. Add sodium citrate and mix until dissolved. Combine one part opacifier with three parts water. Add this dispersion to the mixture. Slowly cool mixture to room temperature. Add dye and fragrance as desired. Once system is completely uniform, cool with stirring to C, and package.
Physical Properties: Appearance: Slightly hazy liquid pH, as is: 1. Mix until dissolved. Add the remaining ingredients, with mixing. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear liquid pH, as is: 1. Slowly add to the water while agitating at maximum available shear.
Continue mixing until smooth. Add B ingredients in order, mixing well after each addition until smooth and uniform avoid incorporation of air. Consistency: White pourable liquid. Suggested Packaging: Plastic squeeze bottle with precautionary labelling for acid. Directions For Use: Pour small amount on damp cloth or sponge and clean article with moderate rubbing. Rinse with water and dry. This formula may be used on most nonferrous metals including copper, brass, stainless steel and aluminum. Comments: The combination of Veegum and Rhodopol suspends the abrasive and provides a stable, free flowing cleaner with good cling to vertical surface.
Veegum is protected against flocculation in this pH 1 composition through base exchange with the imidazoline Hamp-Ene facilitates this exchange. The treated Veegum and Rhodopol provide synergistic thickening with better viscosity stability and inhibition of syneresis than is possible with either thickener alone. Super Floss diatomite allows good cleansing and polishing. Patent No. Add B to A while mixing. Consistency: Pourable liquid. This basic formula can be used as a starting point for a bowl cleaner or metal cleaner.
Vanderbilt Co. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, yellow liquid pH, as is: 1. Add the remaining ingredients with agitation. Physical Properties: Appearance: Hazy liquid pH, as is: 3. Add the sodium metasilicate and mix until dissolved. Add the Miranol FBS and mix until uni form. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, yellow liquid pH, as is: Add the sodium metasilicate and TKPP and mix until dissolved. Add the remaining ingredients and mix until uniform.
Typical Properties: Appearance: Clear liquid pH: When 6 is added, the fluid system will change in a few minutes to a soft paste. Comments: After rubbing to sufficient luster, flush off with water, or wipe with a damp cloth. Product may be used with fine steel wool if the aluminum is heavily weathered. For more fluid product, omit 4 and 6 , or use lesser quantities, keeping ratio, to give desired consistency.
Silver Polish. Run mixer continuously while adding 2 , with further small increments of 1 if necessary, to avoid overloading the mixer drive; the object is to blend at heaviest practicable consistency to provide thorough dispersion. Continue mixing until fully dispersed and smooth. When 5 is added, the fluid system will change in a few minutes to a soft paste.
Consistency of this product is rather stable over wide temperature range. For more fluid product, omit 3 and 5 , or use lesser quantities, keeping ratio. Tarnish-Retardant Silver Polish. Separately, dissolve 3 in 4 , with slight warming if necessary, then add to previous mixture. Add 7 as preservative. Procedure: Dissolve 2 in 1 , add 3 and 4 slowly, with vigorous agitation until wel1-dispersed and smooth. Reduce agitation to moderate, add 5 , 6 , and 7 , blend thoroughly.
Continuing moderate agitation, add 8 to pH 8. About 0. Then add this solution to the oil phase 1 , 2 , and 3 , agitating well until smooth. Comments: Use of Kaopolite gives more aggressive cleaning and polishing action to this formulation. Monosodium orthophosphate MSP Phosphate film is formed in seconds.
Formulation A is low foaming at temperatures above F. Formulation B is low foaming above F. Moderate Alkalinity. Stir until homogeneous between each addition. Continue stirring until product is homogeneous. Then slowly add a portion of the pine oil. Stir until product appears uniform. Formula A In a powder mill, thoroughly mix the powdered ingredients. Slowly add first the pine oil and then the water.
Continue milling until a free-flowing powder is obtained. Add rest of ingredients.
Water 7 Sodium Metasilicate, Anh. Add the remaining ingredients, with mixing in the order listed, and continue mixing until a clear, homogeneous solution results. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, pale yellow solution pH, as is: Add Sodium Xylene Sulfonate until clear. Add caustic soda to water. Add Mackam TM and blend until completely dispersed. Remark: The viscosity can be controlled by increasing or decreasing the Mackam TM.
Grill and Drain Cleaners Thickened solutions of caustic are used as oven and grill cleaners. Most of these formulations can be applied easily by brushing or pump-spraying and do not run on a vertical surface. Add Acusol thickener to the water and then the surfactant with adequate agitation. Add caustic solution slowly with adequate mixing. Note: A flocculant precipitate may form upon adding the caustic solution. Dissolve Sodium Metasilicate, Anhydrous in water. Mix thor- oughly. Filter product. Heat water to C. Add Veegum and Rhodapol.
Stir for one hour. Bring temperatures to 55C. Polishes, Coatings and Finishes Advanced Cleaning Product Formulations Aerosol Appliance Polish h produces a high gloss, rmica, as well as most A water-in-oil emulsion polish whic no smear, hard film when applied to Fo kitchen appliances. The concentrate formulation can be applied as a liquid polish. Heat mixture of Part A ingredients 2. Heat water to 80C F. Add water slowly to Part A mixture 4. Continue stirring while cooling to 5. Package aerosol. Formulation CP P ercent bv Weioht 4.
Aerosol Furniture Polish Uses a unique blend of silicone fluids which gives this polish excellent gloss with minimal smear. The concentrate may be used as a liquid furniture polish or to formulate an aerosol product. Add all ingredients in Part A into vessel with good agitation. Add Part "B" and mix with good agitation. Mix with good agitation. While blending "A" on a high-speed, high-shear mixer, slowly add "B". Force-cool to 35C 95F in ice. Add the remaining ingredients in part "A" and thoroughly mix to insure uniformity. Add part "B" slowly with good agitation.
Sift part "C" if low shear mixing equipment is used. Load part "D. Detergent-Resistant Paste Polish This creamy paste polish is a water-in-oil emulsion with excellent polish properties. Dow Corning fluid gives detergent resistance, while Dow Corning fluid provides easy rub-out and excellent depth of gloss. The ratio of these fluids can be varied depending on desired properties. Add the morpholine with agitation to neutralize the wax. When the mixture is uniform, slowly add the water and the Kaopolite SF.
Hold at F 80C. Remove the heat and mix until the solution reaches F 55C. Pour into containers. Blend Part A and B separately. Product should be mixed prior to use. Apply to surface evenly in a thin film with a dry, soft cloth. Do not allow to dry. Turn cloth as often as necessary to obtain a bright, dry surface. Heat Part A to 90C with agitation to thoroughly mix all ingredients. Add Part B preheated to 60C with high speed. Continue mixing until cool. Add abrasive where required and mix until smooth. Mix B well and add C to B mixing until smooth. Add A and Mix until smooth and uniform.
Add desired preservative. Allow to dry to a haze. Wipe to a high gloss with a clean soft cloth. Comments: Veegum stabilizes these watei—in-oil emulsions against separation or solvent phase bleed. In the auto polish, Veegum also keeps the mild abrasive uniformly suspended within the internal phase. Both compositions apply easily, dry quickly to a haze, and readily buff to a high gloss. Scratched Wood Polish Mo. Heat B to 90C. Add C while maintaining temperature. Prepare E using hot water and add to mixture. Continue mixing until.
Add preservative. Consistency: High viscosity cream. Allow to dry. Buff to desired sheen. Comments: Veegum T stabilizes the triethanolamine stearate emulsion. This high viscosity cream not only restains wood scratches but also fills depressed areas restoring original surface appearance. Dye color and level may be adjusted as required. Add all ingredients, in order listed, with agitation. Continue adequate agitation for 30 minutes. Allow to equilibrate for 16 hours before testing or using. Add all ingredients, in order listed. At the cloud point and up to 15C above it, foam generation is reduced and detergency is enhanced.
By adjusting the cloud point of the formula to the use temperature, one can take full advantage of this performance feature. Dissolve urea in water. Dissolve Antarox BL in water. Add Isopropanol. Physical Properties: pH as is : 6. Once system is uniform, blend in Rhodaterge RS When solution is clear, add Formalin.
Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, watei—white liquid pH, as is: Add Tetrapotassiurn Pyrophosphate. Solution will gel with initial addition of water but will thin with stirring and addition of all water. Cleaner should be clear and slightly yellow in color. Floor Cleaner Formulation: Wt.
Dissolve tetrasodium pyrophosphate in water. Add trisodium phosphate. Dissolve thoroughly. Add solvent. Dissolve solids in the total amount of water. Add Rhodafac LO Physical Properties: pH, as is: 8. Add the water to a mixer and then add the sodium metasilicate with agitation.
Mix until completely dissolved. Add the tetrapotassium pyrophosphate solution and the sodium hydroxide solutions slowly with agitation. Add the Rhodafac RA slowly with agitation and mix until uni form. Add the Igepal CO and the butoxyethanol and mix until uni form. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, water-white to pale yellow liquid pH, as is: Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear solution pH, as is: Oxidizes stains such as coffee, wine, juice, etc.
Generally 5 ounces of above added to 5 gallons of detergent solution is sufficient for good performance. Grillocin HY 2. Pationic C 6. Isopropyl Alcohol Distilied Water Di stilied Water Add the other ingredients in the given order. Both formulations, 1 and 2, are suitable as textile or room sprays. Pationic C 4.
Sodium C Olefin Sulfate Cocamidopropy1 Betaine Distilled Water Hydroxypropyl Methyl cel 1ulose 1. Polysorbate 85 2. Germaben II 1. Heat to 60C and add Polysorbate. Begin cooling to 45C. Cool to 35C. Adjust viscosity with Salt Solution. Dissolve Rhodapon LSB in water. Add Geropon TC and isopropanol. Mix until homogeneous and clear, and agitate for thirty minutes. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, water-white liquid pH: Miscellaneous Miscellaneous Aerosol Bathroom Cleaner A product that is used on surfaces such as ceramics or metals.
When applied, this product provides the coated surface with excellent water-shedding characteristics. Mix Part A with agitation. Mix Part B separately. Add Part B to Part A while stirring. Pressure fill in lacquer-lined cans with Epon-coated vapor tap velves and mechanical break-up spray heads. Formulation E Percent bv Weight 1. Oven surfaces treated with this product will show increased resistance to stain penetration.
Mix 10 parts of this dispersion with the silicone emulsion and Add the Morpholine and mix with a propeller-type agitator. It may also be used to treat rain wear, snow suits, mittens, footwear, and upholstery materials. This concentrate can be used to formulate an aerosol product using an appropriate propellant. Formulation CPD Liquid.
Vinyl Surface Protectant Can be used on various soft surfaces such as vinyl, leather, rubber and plastics. This formulation imparts excellent gloss to a vinyl surface and resists multiple detergent washings. Start low-shear mixer. Add water. When mixture is uniform, premix Makon 4 or Makon 6 and the sodium citrate solution. Slowly add premix to mixing vessel. Disti11ed Water Acritamer 1. Ethomeen C 0. Soft Asphalt or Hard Asphalt When both are molten asphalt into the water rate of addition should be no sion.
Shock water jacket. Add NaOH Heat water solution to at temperature, slowly using moderately high greater than the rate cool to C using and Etho- C. Heat add the sheer. The of disper- a cold Final pH: Approximately 6. RT 12 Acritamer 0. Separately heat the water solution and tar to 65C. When both are at temperature, slowly add the molten RT 12 into the water with vigorous mixing. The rate of addition should be no greater than the rate of dispersion.
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Shock cool to C using a cold water jacket. For application, disperse emulsifier in oil phase and add water with agitation. Slowly add water with good agitation. Concrete Cleaner Weiaht. Rust Remover Weioht. Application: To use, wet concrete with water and sprinkle cleaner on grease and oil spots to be cleaned. Scrub area down with brush and hose off. Procedure: Charge 1 and 5 into the mixer and add 2 and 3 slowly, along with part of 4. Add 6 along with the rest of 4. The above mixture can then be used for impregnating bleached cotton flannel cloth. After the cloth is squeezed, it is usually dried in a drying oven.
After drying, the cloth should be cooled before storage. Add the remaining material and mix until uniform. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, yellow solution pH: Dissolve the sodium metasilicate. Add the potassium hydroxide and Miranol FBS. Physical Properties: Appearance: Clear, yellow liquid pH: Pre-mix EDTA and slowly add to other ingredients with good agitation. Add water slowly, with agitation. The formulation will thicken then the viscosity will break to form a non-viscous product. Formulation Adjustment: This formulation can be adjusted to compensate for differences in grades of d-Limonene.